Evaluations

Legal System Utilization & Associated Costs Evaluation

The Criminal Justice and Legal System Utilization and Associated Costs Report tests the effectiveness of the LEAD® program compared to the ‘system‐as-usual’ control condition in reducing publicly funded legal and criminal justice service utilization and associated costs (i.e., prosecution, public defense, jail, prison) prior and subsequent to evaluation entry.

  • The cost of the LEAD® program averaged $899 per person per month. However, these costs included program start-up and decreased to $532 per month towards the end of the evaluation. 

  • Across nearly all outcomes, we observed statistically significant reductions for the LEAD® group compared to the control group on average yearly criminal justice and legal system utilization and associated costs

Recidivism Evaluation, Peer Reviewed 2017

The Recidivism Report tests the relative effectiveness of the LEAD® program compared to the ‘system‐as‐usual’ control condition in reducing criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests and charges).

  • People in LEAD® were 60% less likely than people in the control group to be arrested within the first 6 months of the evaluation.

  • Over the entire course of the evaluation to date, people in LEAD® were 58% less likely than people in the control group to be arrested (see below).

Participant Program Evaluation

Describing LEAD Case Management in Participants’ Own Words reports on semistructured interviews with LEAD participants on the program’s advantages and disadvantages, how LEAD compared to other social service programs, participants’ relationships with police before and after LEAD, and participants’ perceptions of how LEAD case management impacted their lives.

  • Participants said that life after LEAD was better than before. Conversely, many LEAD participants expressed the belief that life without LEAD would not have resulted in positive outcomes for them.

  • Of the individuals who originally reported negative experiences with law enforcement, about half said these experiences had become positive after their LEAD involvement. Nearly half of all participants reported little to no further contact with law enforcement after LEAD involvement.

  • LEAD participants were concerned that nonparticipants perceive LEAD as a “snitch program.” None of the LEAD participants endorsed this view.

Client Outcomes Evaluation

This report describes findings for LEAD® participants in terms of their housing, employment, and income/benefits both prior and subsequent to their referral to LEAD®.

Participants were significantly more likely to obtain housing, employment and legitimate income in any given month subsequent to their LEAD® referral (i.e., during the 18-month follow-up) compared to the month prior to their referral (i.e., baseline).

Client Outcomes Evaluation, Peer Reviewed 2017

This report describes findings for LEAD® participants in terms of their housing, employment, and income/benefits both prior and subsequent to their referral to LEAD®.

Participants were significantly more likely to obtain housing, employment and legitimate income in any given month subsequent to their LEAD® referral (i.e., during the 18-month follow-up) compared to the month prior to their referral (i.e., baseline).

Recidivism Evaluation, 2015

The Recidivism Report tests the relative effectiveness of the LEAD® program compared to the ‘system‐as‐usual’ control condition in reducing criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests and charges).

  • People in LEAD® were 60% less likely than people in the control group to be arrested within the first 6 months of the evaluation.

  • Over the entire course of the evaluation to date, people in LEAD® were 58% less likely than people in the control group to be arrested (see below).

Legal System Utilization & Associated Costs Evaluation

The Criminal Justice and Legal System Utilization and Associated Costs Report tests the effectiveness of the LEAD® program compared to the ‘system‐as-usual’ control condition in reducing publicly funded legal and criminal justice service utilization and associated costs (i.e., prosecution, public defense, jail, prison) prior and subsequent to evaluation entry.

  • The cost of the LEAD® program averaged $899 per person per month. However, these costs included program start-up and decreased to $532 per month towards the end of the evaluation. 

  • Across nearly all outcomes, we observed statistically significant reductions for the LEAD® group compared to the control group on average yearly criminal justice and legal system utilization and associated costs